How To Get Started

Choose an area of bare ground(not concrete)to place your bin or heap.  This will allow any creatures involved in the composting process to enter and enable any liquid produced during the process to drain into the ground.

To create well balanced nutrient rich compost you need to include a variety of plant wastes.  Aim for a 50/50 mix of;

·   soft moist plants and vegetable waste (greens – high in nitrogen)

·   dry fibrous plants + paper and cardboard (browns – high in carbon)

This should ensure a good crumbly moist compost within about 8 -12 months. Go to   “What Can Be Composted”  for a list of different types of compostable waste.

Start adding to your bin as you create the waste from your garden and kitchen. It is a good idea to keep a small caddy for fruit, veg and tea bag waste in the kitchen to make sure you don’t let anything compostable go to waste and it cuts down on trips to the compost bin. 

Scrunched-up paper can be added alongside fruit and veg waste to absorb some of the access moisture. Scrunched-up paper also traps air which aids the composting process and cuts down on the need to turn the waste in the bin.

When adding garden waste, cut up or shred any shrubs, woody stems or twigs, as the smaller the piece of waste the quicker it will compost.

Add grass cuttings sparingly or mix them in with other types of waste such as hedge trimmings or leaves.

The contents of the bin should be damp like a moist sponge.  If your bin becomes too dry then try adding some extra “greens” and water. Likewise if the contents of your bin become too sticky then add some more “browns” and stir to allow the access moisture to be absorbed.

So it’s all about creating the right conditions and if you do that, composting will happen!